Today in History (August 26)
55 -BC- Roman forces under Julius Cesar invade Britain
1743 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier born in Paris, father of mod chemistry (Oxygen)
1883 Krakatoa erupts with increasingly large explosions kills 36,000
With a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6, the eruption was equivalent to 200 megatons (MT) of TNT—about 13,000 times the nuclear yield of the Little Boy bomb (13 to 16 kT) that devastated Hiroshima, Japan during World War II and four times the yield of the Tsar Bomba (50 MT), the largest nuclear device ever detonated.
Near Krakatoa, according to official records, 165 villages and towns were destroyed and 132 seriously damaged, at least 36,417 (official toll) people died, and many thousands were injured by the eruption, mostly from the tsunamis that followed the explosion. The eruption destroyed two-thirds of the island of Krakatoa.
1957 USSR announces successful test of intercontinental ballistic missile
1967 Beatles, Mick Jagger and Marienne Faithful meet Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
The Beatles appear with their new guru, the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, at a press conference. Paul McCartney announces that the bandmates have given up drugs. “It was an experience we went through,” he says. “We don’t need it anymore. We’re finding different ways to get there.” For John Lennon, “different ways” would later mean Brandy Alexanders.
1972 Summer Olympics open in Munich, West Germany
1978 Charles Boyer actor (The Rogues), dies at 78
Between the scenes of the Warner Bros’ picture, Confidential Agent Charles Boyer plays a game of chess with Dr. Walter O. Cruz, Chess Champion of Brazil, as Hector Rosetto and Herman Pilnik, Chess Masters of Argentina, and Herman Steiner, International Chess Master, look on from the back, Herman Steiner, London Tournament winner, is tallest, Rossetto next, Pilnik seated.CHESS April 1946
1986 Ted Knight actor (Mary Tyler Moore Show), dies at 62