Carlos Jauregui (1932–2013)
SPRAGGETT ON CHESS
September 14, 1932—March 8, 2013
I just heard the sad news today that Chilean-born (Santiago) master Carlos Jauregui passed away on March 8 in Milan, Italy. Carlos was 80 years old. He is survived by three daughters and not less than 7 grandchildren and great-grandchildren. My most sincere condolences. Obituary HERE
I knew Carlos reasonably well, especially since he spent a number of months in Montreal (1974) after fleeing Chile when Pinochet took power in a bloody coup (1973). He was a real gentleman, soft spoken and friendly to everyone. Carlos came with his wife, Nelly, and their four children, and would eventually make Canada their home.
Like many left-leaning intellectuals sympathetic to Salvador Allende, (Carlos was a physics professor), staying in Chile was not an option: thousands disappeared and were killed simply for their politics. Even more were tortured and repressed.
What was Chile’s loss soon became Canadian chess’ gain as Carlos was quite active, playing in numerous Canadian Opens (’74, ’77, ’83 and ’86) and Canadian Zonals (’78, ’81 and ’87).
Carlos was a strong master-level player who had participated in a number of strong international events in the 1950’s and 1960’s and had taken part in numerous national championships. He also represented Chile at the Olympics in 1956 and 1964.
While Carlos results were not outstanding and were more often than not middle-of-the table finishes, he was very passionate about chess and even has the distinction of having crushed Bobby Fischer in 1959 in Santiago ! (Game at end of blog, with a little story with it)
I had the pleasure to play Carlos not less than 4 times in over the board play. The first time was in the final round of the Québec Open (1974) and we both needed to win. Though I don’t have the scoresheet, I remember that I was White and it was a Saemisch Kings Indian. Super complicated and everything was decided in a wild Blitz finish, which I had the good fortune to survive.
The other 3 games are available in the databases. While my score is a perfect 4-0, this does not accurately reflect what happened in the games. Carlos was always a difficult opponent for me.
Possessing a very high level of strategic understanding in his play, Carlos has played some very nice games. He was also an excelent tactician. Because he was an amateur and had limited time to dedicate to the game, however, Carlos was never able to solve his chronic time-trouble problems. As a result, Carlos’ tournament performances were never consistent enough to get the IM title. Even though he certainly deserved it, in my opinion.
Below is a short selection of games and positions from Carlos praxis. ENJOY!
DE SOUZA MENDES
From Santiago, 1959 (tournament mentioned above). Black has played a very risky opening, capturing a pawn at cost to his development. Carlos plays with great energy:
Threatening, amongst other things, to capture the g-pawn with check.
Natural, but loses immediately. Black had to try 12…Kf8
13.Nxg7! KxN 14.Bh6+!!
Winning by force!
From Moscow, 1956. Position after 25 moves. The White Bishop on d5 is under attack. If now 26.Bb3 then 26…Be6! with a reasonable game for Black.
A beautiful move, nicely calculated, after which Black can not save himself!
26…PxB 27.Qxd5 Be6 (what else?)
Winning in style!
There followed 28…Kxg7 29.Qg5+ Kh7 30.Qh6+ (30.Qh5+! is even faster) 30… Kg8 31.Bd4 f6 32.Qg6+ Kh8 33.Kd2 etc.———————————————————
REALLY NICE WIPE OUT!
Tel Aviv Olympics, 1964. Carlos played some excelente chess there! Here is a typical Jauregui game, strong strategic under-current, full control at all times and a painful finish for Black, who is almost squashed to death.
Hard to believe that this game was played almost 50 years ago, it is so modern! A wonderful exemple of how to demolish the Benoni…
NICE TACTICAL FINISH!
Looks logical, but infact should lose!
Also from the ’64 Olympiad, this time against the Scottish player Gerald Bonner. Black had just made a serious mistake (30…Rd8?)
WHITE TO PLAY AND WIN!
NICE TACTICAL FINISH!
From the Canadian Open in Fredericton, 1977. Position after White’s 34th move (34.Rh2) Carlos had earlier correctly sacrificed a piece on positional grounds, enabling him to get some attacking chances. The White King is now trying to slip away to hide in the centre…
Here White must take this piece; 35.RxB! Qg2+ 36.Ke1 QxR 37.Bf1 Qh5! (threatening …Bh4 in some lines) though White should hold the game, providing he plays accurately. INSTEAD, White thought he saw a better line…
Mar del Plata, 1953. Carlos and I shared the same bad habit: we liked to play the Dutch Defence more than we should! But here things have gone excellently for Black and he has created attacking chances on the Kingside. The position is ripe for a break-thru, but where?
BLACK TO PLAY AND WIN!
Santiago, 1959. Position after White’s 32nd move. Pachman has built up a powerful attack but Carlos seems to be holding, atleast for the time being.
BLACK TO PLAY AND WIN!
ANOTHER NICE JAUREGUI WIN!
Tel Aviv, 1964. Carlos played some great chess at this Olympiad. Here the White Kingside is a bit open, but White soon intends to put a Rook on the g-file and then start piling up the pressure. It looks as though nothing can stop this, especially since the Black Queen seems so isolated and useless….but Carlos has a trick up his sleave!
A surprising twist that is very precisely calculated! The Bishop must be taken as 26.Qe2 allows 26…Bxb2! 27.QxB? Qf3+ and …h3 mating.
The Rook can not be taken as Black mates with …Qf3+ and …h3
27.Bd2! best defence
Now there are several ways to win. Carlos would have liked to have continued with the thematic 27…Rxd2 28.QxR Qf3+ 29.Kg1 Re4! 30.h3! Rg4! 31.PxR h3, which seems to win immediately:
But then Carlos noticed that White can put up stiff resistance with 32.Qd8+! Kg7 forced, as 32…Kh7 loses to 33.Qh4+ and 34.Qg3. 33.Qd4+ Kh7 34.Qe4! QxQ 35.f3!, even though Black should eventually win by improving the position of his KIng.
So Carlos chose a more convincing way :
27…Red8! 28.Rc3! Qd7!
Black recovers the Bishop with an extra 2 pawns and a huge positonal advantage. Black won on the 39th move.
SOLUTIONS TO ABOVE QUIZZES:
Jauregui, C–Bonner ,G : 31.Rd7!! g6 What else? 32.fxg6 h6 33.Qh3! Rxd7 34.Qxd7 1-0
Burgalat, F–Jauregui ,C: 36…Be4! Winning. The game ended quickly: 37.R1xg3 fxg3 38.Nxg3 Rxg4 0-1
Jauregui, C—Pachman,L : 33… Bxg3+! 34.Kxg3 Qe5+ 35.Kg2 Bf3+ 36.Kg1 Rg6+ 0-1————————————————————————————–
CARLOS’ WIN OVER BOBBY FISCHER!
Santiago was one of Fischer’s least successful tournaments, even though he did play one or two really nice games. But against the young Jauregui he was simply wiped off the board!
Grandmaster Pachman (co-winner of the tournament along with Ivkov) recounted in his memoirs a little story before this game was played:
”Two days later I walked the streets of Santiago with Jauregui, a young player from Chile. We talked just about anything under the sun — about Kordileras, beauty of chillean women, quality of chillean wine — when suddenly, on the street in front of the tournament hall, we ran into Bobby.
“Aah, Mr. Pachman,” he greated us already from distance: “so, today you prepared my oponent agains me!” Only there and then I realized that Bobby actually plays Jauregui axactly that night.
“But of course, Bobby; and I must warn you that he is prepared exquisitely!” I said promptly and Bobby’s face grew a frawn. He sat down to the game and begun a thorough think about each of the first moves. Coincidentally, Jauregui played a system which I also often employ. That deepened Bobby’s suspicion. He spent an hour and twenty minutes on the first 11 moves. He wanted to play out of theory and avoid possible surprises. And he managed that beyond all expectations: His move 25 cost him his queen and he could have safely resigned by the move 29.
One could speculate that it was his guilty conscience that cost him the point, and, with that, his chance for the first place in the tournament. …”